Lasik eye surgery is a safe and effective way to correct vision, but there is still a risk of infection. The estimated risk of infection after Lasik is 0.09 percent, with most cases being easily treated with eye drops, antibiotics, or anti-inflammatory medications. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen of bacterial keratitis in general, and is the most common infectious agent after laser vision correction. The sources of infection during Lasik surgery can include ocular flora, any instruments or sponges used during surgery, the surgeon's hands, and airborne contaminants.
Patients with an infection after Lasik may experience vision loss and pain, and in severe cases, the infection can progress to the point of melting the flap (necrosis) and requiring amputation of the flap or a corneal transplant. Fungal keratitis is a very rare but serious complication of Lasik surgery.To reduce the risk of infection or other post-surgical complications after Lasik surgery, there are some steps you can take. Firstly, make sure to follow all pre-operative instructions from your doctor. This includes avoiding contact lenses for at least two weeks before your procedure and avoiding any eye makeup or lotions for at least one week before your procedure.
Additionally, it is important to follow all post-operative instructions from your doctor, including using any prescribed eye drops or medications as directed.It is also important to be aware of any existing health problems that may increase your risk of infection or complications after Lasik surgery. If you have any existing health conditions that may increase your risk, make sure to discuss them with your doctor before undergoing the procedure. Additionally, if you experience any signs or symptoms of infection after Lasik surgery, such as pain, redness, discharge, or decreased vision, it is important to contact your doctor immediately.Lasik eye surgery is a safe and effective way to correct vision, but it is important to be aware of the risks associated with it. By following pre-operative and post-operative instructions from your doctor and being aware of any existing health conditions that may increase your risk of infection or complications after Lasik surgery, you can help reduce your risk.